and post and telecommunications have developed at high
pace in the province. Jiangsu now has a comprehensive
transport network of "rail,road,water,air and pipe".
Post and telecommunications are also developing rapidly
and the province has built up the communications network
cables,wireless telephones and data communications.
CONVENIENT RAIL TRANSPORTATION
The railways connect Jiangsu to over 40 big and midium-sized
cities in China. Nanjing and Xuzhou are the two hubs of
transportation in Jiangsu,possessing the three trunk
national rail lines: Beijing-Shanghai,Nanjing-Wuhu,and
Lianyungang- Urumqi. Jiangsu is building a railway
network connecting all parts in the province,and the
rails have already been laid. The new Eurasia
Continental Bridge connecting Lianyungang as the eastern
end with Rotterdam as the western end has taken up 95 %
of the cross-border transport business since it was
opened at the end of 1992.
The Shanghai-Nanjing expressway seems to bring the two
cities closer. The general quality of the
Shanghai-Nanjing expressway and the new Nanjing airport
expressway are among the highest in the country. By the
end of 2002,a highway network,with Nanjing at its
center,had been formed,which reaches all
cities,counties,towns and villages in the province. The
trunk highways consist of expressways,first-and
second-class highways which all have connections with
those in the neighbouring provinces. The total mileage
of the expressways in Jiangsu exceeded 1,702 km in 2002.
ACCELERATED CONSTRUCTION OF
The Second Nanjing Yangtse River Bridge,which was
designed,constructed and supervised by China exclusively
was open to traffic at the end of March 2002. It is the
third cross-Yangtse bridge in the Jiangsu part.
As the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtse River
cross Jiangsu,cross-Yangtse bridges become important to
communications between two sides of the Yangtse River.
The cross-Yangtse bridges in Jiangsu have different
features. The Nanjing Yangtse River Bridges is a
double-deck railway and highway bridge,which China
designed and constructed completely by itself in the
1960s. The Jiangyin Yangtse River Highway Bridge,which
was open to traffic in October 1999,is the longest
suspension bridge in China and the 4th longest in the
world. The Second Nanjing Yangtse River Bridge is 21.197
km long. Its main span is 628 metres,the longest of its
kind in the country and the third longest in the world.
A further Runyang Yangtse River Bridge is under
INTERNATIONAL ROLE OF NANJING
Lukou International Airport is a key airport for
passengers in China and for freight transport in East
China. It now has 67 domestic and international flights.
All the giant airliners can land and take off here.
People can now fly from Nanjing to Hongkong,Macao,Taibei
and Gaoxiong (via Macao),and there are also charter
flights to Kuala Lumpur,Bangkok,Nagoya and Seoul.
International freight flights connecting Nanjing to
Winnipeg and Moscow is also in service. In addition
,seven other cities in Jiangsu have their own civil
airports. The domestic flights can reach all major
cities in China,while their links with international
flights enable Jiangsu to reach the USA,West Europe and
PORTS ALONG THE COAST AND THE
There are 11 state-approved first class open ports in
Jiangsu like Lianyungang Port,Nanjing Port and Nantong
Port,which have 128 berths above 10,000 tonnage level
and an annual handling capacity of 425 million tons.
Lianyungang Port,one of the most important seaports in
China,provides the most convenient and economic port for
northwestern and central China. Nanjing Port is the
largest inland port in Asia with a total handling
capacity of more than 60 million tons per year. It has
been linked with 160 ports in 76 countries and regions.
THE LONGEST WATERWAY IN CHINA
Jiangsu enjoys a special geographical advantage in
inland water transport. The Yangtse River runs across
the province from west to east for 400 km. The section
eastward from Nanjing can accommodate oceangoing vessels
of 50 thousand tons. The Grand Canal flows from north to
south for over 690 km. Jiangsu is now completely open to
navigation. There are more than 2,200 waterways
throughout the province with a total navigable length of
23,800 kilometers,with both numbers taking the first
place in China.
POST AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
RANKING SECOND IN CHINA
has built up a communication network of fiber-optic
cable supported by digital microwave transmission.
Jiangsu has succeeded in spreading digital exchanges to
areas above township level with all communications
digitised. Mobile telephones can reach the whole
province and roam throughout the country. Digital and
multi-media communications have come into practice.
Postal Green Cards,EMS,mailed advertisements and flower
telegrams have become popular in the province. The
comprehensive telecommunication capacity in Jiangsu
takes the second place in the country. Jiangsu was the
first province in China to extend telephone lines to all
villages. The total capacity of the provincial telephone
exchanges in 2002 reached 21,748,000,with 16,600,000
fixed telephones and 14,876,000 mobile telephones. About
42.6 % of the provincial population have become
NETWORK TAKING SHAPE
Advanced technology and information networks have been
widely used in Jiangsu ,to name a few,public information
networks,intellectual network,fiber optics inlet
network,numerical synchronized network information
management network and No.7 information order. The
wide-band multi-media network of posts and
telecommunication,known as the province's information
expressway which integrates voice,data and wide-band
visual pictures and texts,has been initiated to the
fullest,providing services of long-distance medical
treatment,education and VOD. The registered internet
users rose to 3,929,000,showing an increase of 58.5 %.
Jiangsu has for the most part built up effective water
conservancy projects against flood and draught and many
flood-preventing projects and key water-source projects
have gone into operation. Strong stone banks along the
coast and the Yangtse River have become iron walls
against sea tides and the Yangtse floods,playing
important roles in economic development,social stability
and improvement of people's livelihood.
RAPID CONSTRUCTION OF POWER
With construction and renovation of urban and rural
power grid,there is enough power supply now and every
village in the province has access to electricity. The
Lianyungang Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant,which is now
under construction,is to be the largest of its kind in
China. The two units of nuclear power generators will
start operation in 2004 and 2005 respectively. The
annual electricity output of the power plant will be
over 14 billion kwh when completed in 2005.